The two most common forms of diabetes are known as Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes, also known as adolescent diabetes, differs from type 2 diabetes in which the body stops producing insulin completely. Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed in older adults and occurs when the body stops producing enough insulin or the individual becomes resistant to their own insulin. With any form of diabetes, we lose our ability to properly use sugar. Blood sugar levels increase due to the body’s difficulty in transporting sugar to cells and out of the bloodstream. There are several ways to reduce blood sugar levels, including exercise, diet and medications.
Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
Special areas in the pancreas gland, the islets of Langerhans, produce a hormone called insulin. This hormone is a small protein. Insulin stimulates muscle cells and other body cells to take glucose from the blood and convert glucose into glycogen, a type of starch, and then store glycogen. In body cells they need to convert glycogen to glucose and use it as fuel. In this way the insulin maintains the level of glucose in the blood in a normal size.
In type I diabetes, insulin-producing cells are destroyed. Then less glucose has been taken from the blood to the body cells and used there, and glucose builds up in the blood.
THE CAUSES AND MECHANISMS OF TYPE I DIABETES
The cause of the disease is not well known. An autoimmune response that attacks insulin-producing cells in langerhansian islets may be a cause. Infection with the virus may be another cause. The disease is also to some extent hereditary.
When the uptake of glucose into the body’s cells is reduced, but glucose is accumulating in the blood, the physiological effects occur as follows:
“The body cells do not get enough fuel for the work we’re going to do. The molecular thickness (osmolality) of the blood increases. This causes water to be drawn from the tissues of the body and into the blood. The tissues thus dried up and increased urine output. Tissues begin to break down proteins and fats for energy, causing weight loss and muscle reduction.
The symptoms of type 1 diabetes are a consequence of these mechanisms.
SYMPTOMS OF TYPE 1 DIABETES
The disease often begins suddenly. Often, children or young people are attacked by the disease. Lack of insulin causes an increase in the amount of blood sugar. The first symptoms of the disease are:
-Increased urine production
– Dehydration (lack of water in the body)
– Abnormally high thirst as a result of increased urine output
– Dryness in the mouth
-An abnormal high appetite
-You feel very tired and weak
-Left loss, even when eating right
-Deterioration of vision
If the blood sugar level does not stabilize to a normal value, there will be an accumulation of chemicals in the body called ketones, and this condition is called diabetic ketoacidosis. This serious condition can lead to coma and death. The signs of ketoacidosis are as follows:
-The pain in the stomach
-High pulse rate
– Somnolence (abnormal tendency to sleep)
In the long run, type 1 diabetes can seriously affect blood vessels in vital organs. This can also cause damage to the heart, eyes, kidneys or other bodily organs.
TREATMENTS OF TYPE 1 DIABETES
Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin injections. Implantation of insulin cells into the pancreas is an experimental treatment. Another experimental treatment involves implanting stem cells into the pancreas that can become new insulin-producing cells that they produce.
Another important module of treatment is the regulation of the amount of sugar and fat that is consumed through the diet, so that together with the insulin injected amount fits. In addition, regular monitoring of blood sugar to regulate the amount of insulin is an important part of the treatment.
There are also natural products on the market that can help normalize blood sugar level by type 2 diabetes. These products can not cure disease or replace insulin injections but can help the body to regulate the level of blood sugar. These products contain minerals that are working components of enzymes that stimulate the metabolism of glucose in the body. They also contain herbs that have long been used in traditional medicine to regulate glucose levels and have proven their effectiveness in scientific studies.
Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes
In type 2 diabetes, the body’s cells do not react properly by stimulation of insulin. Therefore, do not take in enough amount of glucose from the blood to store or use as an energy source. This condition is called insulin resistance. The amount of glucose in the blood therefore rises. Also the production of insulin can be raised to regulate the amount of glucose down, but this effort to reduce blood glucose is not effective enough. If the disease persists for many years, the production of insulin can tire out, so that the amount of insulin secreted decreases.
The Causes and Mechanisms of Type 2 Diabetes
The exact mechanism that causes the disease is not known. There may be an autoimmune response to insulin or molecules on the cell surfaces that insulin connects to. However, these lifestyle factors can cause the disease:
-Too high consumption of sugar and fat
– Too much exercise for many years.
Therefore type 2 diabetes can be prevented with a proper diet and with regular exercise.
When the uptake of glucose into the body’s cells is reduced, but glucose is accumulating in the blood, the physiological effects occur as follows:
“The body cells do not get enough fuel for the work we’re going to do.
The molecular thickness (osmolality) of the blood increases. This causes water to be drawn from the tissues of the body and into the blood. The tissues thus dried up and increased urine output.
– Tissues begin to break down proteins and fats for energy, causing weight loss and muscle reduction.
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are a consequence of these mechanisms.
THE SYMPTOMS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, actually 10 times more common than type 1 diabetes, where insulin production is reduced or stopped. The disease usually appears after the age of 50, but the sugar and fat consumption in western countries today also causes young people to acquire the disease. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes come little by little. The symptoms are.
-Increased urine production
-Dehydration, which is a lack of water in the body
– Abnormal high thirst
-Slow healing of physical injuries
-Deterioration of vision
In the long shift, the disease can cause atherosclerosis with narrowing of blood vessels, heart disease and stroke.
THE TREATMENT OF TYPE 2 DIABETES
The treatment of type 2 diabetes is most often diet with a low amount of sugar and weight reduction. These measures lighten the burden on the control of blood sugar in the body so that it manages to normalize blood sugar levels. If this does not work well enough, blood sugar lowering medications are used.
If insulin production is reduced, insulin injections are also used.
There are also natural products on the market that can help normalize blood sugar level for type 2 diabetes. These products can not cure the disease but can help the body regulate blood sugar. These products contain minerals that are working components of enzymes that stimulate the metabolism of glucose in the body. They also contain herbs that have long been used in traditional medicine to regulate glucose levels and have proven their effectiveness in scientific studies.
This type of diabetes is a temporary form of insulin resistance that usually occurs in mid-pregnancy. It is as a consequence of excessive production of hormone in the body, or the inability of the pancreas to produce the extra insulin needed during pregnancy for women who have no history of diabetes. Without enough insulin, sugar builds up in the blood at high levels. This is called hyperglycemia.
Gestational diabetes affects about 4% of all pregnant women, although it is usually disappears after childbirth. Untreated, gestational diabetes can lead to problems for both mother and child. Although insulin does not cross the placenta to the baby, sugar and other nutrients do.
Blood sugar passes through the placenta, which increases the baby’s blood sugar level. This causes the baby’s pancreas to have to produce extra insulin to get rid of blood sugar, which can lead to microsomatia or a fatty baby syndrome. The microsomatia develops because the pancreas to produce enough insulin to lower the blood sugar level and forces it to produce extra fat.
Babies with microsomatia are prone to health problems and problems during labor. Because of the extra insulin, babies may have very low sugar levels at birth and may also be at increased risk for respiratory problems.
Treatment of gestational diabetes should be started quickly to avoid adverse effects for the mother and the baby. Your goal should be to keep your blood sugar level equal to those of pregnant women who do not have gestational diabetes. Treatment includes special meal plans and scheduled physical activity, as well as daily blood sugar tests, in order to keep it under control.
Health conditions that are caused by diabetes
Diabetes and heart disease
Diabetes is a condition that must be treated as soon as it is diagnosed, even though in its early stages it does no harm, or causes discomfort, or to create worrying symptoms. However, ignoring that it is a mistake, because the imbalance of blood sugar diabetics live with us, can cause a variety of complications, even reaching those of other serious health conditions.
One of the main causes of concern are the adverse effects on our hearts. Our unstable levels of blood sugar can make it difficult to pass large circulation on the road to heart problems. Here are some things to keep in mind.
Diabetes is often given on the hand with high blood pressure or hypertension. In fact, your doctor will tell you that diabetics should work to get their blood pressure even lower than other people. While systolic pressure (the top number) of 140 may be acceptable for the general population, we, the diabetics should aim at 130 or less. All this is part of the fight against possible heart disease.
Fats in the blood
Cholesterol and triglyceride fats, or blood fats, should also be kept low in diabetics. Many fruits and vegetables, less packaged products and fried foods are your best bets for controlling the fat-in-the-blood diet. Throw away the frying pan!
Sugar in the blood
Blood sugar levels have to be controlled too, as blood vessels consistently high levels of damage and can lead to cardiovascular difficulties.
And, of course, you know it’s important to maintain a healthy weight. Why is diabetics particularly important to us? First, if you are overweight the heart muscle has to work harder to pump blood through your system. This weakens the blood vessels, which are then more susceptible to damage caused by fluctuations in blood sugar levels. It is a vicious circle that you do not want to create.
Your heart is the main motor of the whole body, so you have to do everything you can to keep it in good shape. For the sake of heart health, take control of your diabetes.
Eye Problems and Diabetes
Diabetes can wreak havoc on your eyes, and sometimes there are no early symptoms. So you may have no idea that something is wrong until your sight is in danger.
These are the main eye problems that can be caused or aggravated by diabetes:
Our eyes are mostly composed of fluid, and when the pressure of that fluid builds up too much inside the eye, you have glaucoma. If left untreated, it can damage the optic nerves, and even lead to blindness.
Covering the back of our eyes is sensitive to the light of the tissue known as the retina. The retina contains very small blood vessels that can be damaged by diabetic retinopathy. Sometimes there are symptoms such as blurred vision, but often do not even know that something is wrong until the condition is very advanced. In the worst case, it leads to blindness.
Early detection is the key to fighting all these conditions, and the best available diagnostic tool is dilated pupil examination. This is a test in which special drops temporarily enlarge the pupils, allowing the doctor to see the back of his eyes. This test (which does not cause pain) can detect cataracts, glaucoma or diabetic retinopathy in its early and treatable stage.
The view is beautiful, so if you have diabetes, do yourself a favor and make an appointment for the dilated pupil exam. And then I will do it again every year from now on.
Diabetics and the feet care
We, the diabetics have to take special care of our feet, or we can find them with problems in two ways: blood circulation and nerve damage.
This is what to look for and some prevention ideas.
If your feet are always cold, your legs hurt when you walk, or hurt your feet in bed at night, you may be suffering from poor blood circulation. This, in turn, can slow down the healing process when you have cuts or other damage to your feet.
Staying physically active is one way to help improve your circulation. It is also necessary to control blood fat and blood sugar levels as well as your blood pressure. And of Of course, do not smoke.
If your feet are numb, you have a burning sensation on the soles of your feet or pins and needles on the feet, the person has signs of possible nerve damage. The foot nerves are the longest in our bodies and therefore susceptible to damage for diabetes. If these nerves are damaged, the feelings are reduced, so they could have cuts or blisters that can lead to ulcers, and that they do not even know.
Examine your feet regularly to make sure there are no signs of injury. If you develop the tripe, have been treated immediately by a podiatrist. Wash and dry carefully between the toes, and keep your nails short and filted.
Everyone likes to have their feet pampered, but for us diabetics we feel not only well, it also avoids serious health problems in the future. So reserve that foot massages now!
Diabetes and your mouth
Diabetics have to pay even more attention to teeth and gums than other people.
They are at increased risk of tooth decay, gum disease and dental infections. Not only that, but these infections can cause our blood sugar, so it becomes a vicious circle.
Here are some of the common oral problems in diabetics:
Plaque is, of course, a problem for many people, not just diabetics. But it is because of starches and sugars, and of course, we have more of our share of those! So diabetics are very prone to plaque.
Sometimes you have your mouth so dry in the morning you can hardly speak. But it is more than an inconvenience, which is dangerous to the health of your mouth. You see, saliva carries many of the bacteria that cause tooth decay and periodontal disease. Dryness in the mouth reduces the amount of saliva available for this job, so the result is more tooth decay and periodontal disease. Dryness in the mouth sometimes also creates inflammation of the soft tissues in the mouth, making eating difficult and unpleasant.
While they are not artificial saliva substitutes, which your dentist can tell you about, you can usually stimulate your own saliva by sucking hard candy without sugar. I like sugar-free Ricola for this purpose. And, of course, drinking water helps.
Not only do diabetics have less saliva than we need, but the saliva we have is a high sugar content, so it’s a double problem for us. This can cause a yeast infection called thrush, commonly known as thrush. It causes red or white spot pain in the mouth. Medications can help, though, so ask your dentist.
As a diabetic, you should pay close attention to oral hygiene. Brush your teeth twice a day and floss every day. Examine your gums for signs of problems and always visit your dentist at least twice a year.
Exercises for diabetics prevention
Exercise is a very important part of managing type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. For type 1 diabetics, regular exercise helps maintain insulin sensitivity, helps prevent the accumulation of excess weight, and increases the use of glucose by the muscles, thus lowering blood sugar levels. Although there is currently no way to prevent type 1 diabetes, it may be possible to prevent type 2 diabetes.
Things to consider when trying to prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes are regular exercise, supplementation with vitamins and herbs that help prevent insulin resistance and proper weight control.
Exercise not only directly helps in the management of diabetes by lowering blood sugar levels and maintaining insulin sensitivity, but also helps minimize many of the complications that can occur in a diabetic person.
Studies have shown that walking for 30 minutes per day can substantially decrease the chance of developing type 2 diabetes.
Diabetics tend to develop circulation problems and exercise can certainly help to lower blood pressure and improve circulation throughout the body. Since people with diabetes tend to have poor circulation in their lower extremities and feet, better circulation is of great benefit.
There are some risks associated with exercise, but the potential benefits outweigh the risks. Since exercise lowers blood sugar levels, people with diabetes should measure their blood sugar before and after exercise. Since the body consumes more sugar during exercise and makes you more sensitive to insulin, you run the risk of becoming too low in blood sugar and causing hypoglycemia.
In the exercise it is important for others to know that you are diabetic. They should be told what to do in case of hypoglycemia. You should always carry candy or fruit juice to treat low blood sugar levels if it occurs. During and after exercise sessions, you should pay close attention to how you feel from palpitations, increased sweating, feeling shaky, or hunger may be a sign that your blood sugar levels are becoming too low .
Exercise is a key part of managing diabetes and treatment. Exercise helps control blood sugar when muscles use more glucose and the body become more sensitive to insulin. Exercise also helps prevent and minimize common complications in diabetes such as heart problems, high blood pressure and circulatory disorders. All diabetics should include a regular exercise program as part of their overall management plan.
Recommended meals for diabetics
Brewer’s yeast is a wonder food. It is rich in chromium mineral remains. This mineral helps the pancreas make more insulin. It is one of the best supports for the normal handling of sugar by the body. According to an article published by Dr. Richard J. Doisy et al., Which appeared in the Medical World News, brewer’s yeast has reduced the insulin requirements of many patients with diabetes.
Broccoli, a close relative of cauliflower, has long been a popular food in Europe. This vegetable has proven to be an effective anti-food for diabetics. It is a rich source of chromium, a trace element that appears to reduce blood sugar. This trace element regulates blood sugar, which often reduces medication and insulin needs diabetes. In cases of mild diabetes, chromium may prevent the onset of the disease. If a person’s glucose tolerance is on the border, chromium may help control it. Even low blood sugar levels can be brought to normal with chromium.
Curd injects friendly bacteria into the digestive system that stimulate the pancreas. It also cleanses the pancreas of its acids and residues. These cleansing actions allow the pancreas to function better and thereby aid in the production of insulin.
Clinical studies have been performed with garlic to lower blood glucose in diabetes. This vegetable is rich in potassium, which effectively replaces large amounts of potassium lost in the urine of diabetics. It also contains zinc and sulfur, which are constituents of insulin. Some authors believe that low levels of zinc may be one of the factors responsible for the onset of diabetes. Garlic also contains manganese, whose deficiency may contribute to diabetes.
Garlic constituents appear to act by blocking the inactivation of insulin in the liver. The result is increased blood insulin levels and low blood sugar levels.
Garlic has other benefits for diabetes, in addition to lowering blood sugar. Prevents atherosclerosis, which is a common complication of diabetes and relieves the body pays. Diabetics can take the equivalent of one or two cloves of garlic a day, in any form they wish, either raw or cooked in food or in capsule form. Garlic milk, prepared by adding four cloves of crushed garlic to 110 ml of milk, is a good way to take the garlic. The best way, however, is to chew raw garlic well first thing in the morning.
Chickpea is a major widely used component of the indigenous diet. It is a valuable anti-diabetic food. Experiments have shown that oral ingestion of the aqueous extract of Bengal chickpea increases the use of glucose in diabetics as well as normal people. In a study conducted at the Food Research Center at the Mysore Institute of Technology, the need for insulin for chronic diabetes patients has declined from 40 units a day to 20 units when they are maintained on a diet that included supplements Liberal Bengal chickpea extract.
Diabetic patients who are on a restricted diet, which do not limit carbohydrate intake, but include a copious amount of Bengal Chickpeas, have shown a considerable improvement in their blood sugar levels, fasting glucose tolerance , urinary excretion of sugar and general conditions.
Bitter gourd is a common vegetable widely cultivated. It has excellent medicinal virtues. This vegetable has been used as medicine for diabetes times since ancient times. Research has established that it contains insulin as a principle designated as insulin plant, which has been found beneficial in reducing blood and urine sugar levels.
Bitter gourd is an effective food against diabetes and should be included in a diabetic’s diet.
Drinking juice from three or four bitter gourds every morning on an empty stomach has been found to be more effective than fruit consumption. The seeds of bitter gourd can be powdered and added to regular meals. Cook Bitter Gourd, as well as its dry powder mixed with liquid foods.
Bitter gourd is rich in all essential vitamins and minerals especially vitamins A, B1, B2, C and in iron. Its regular use, therefore, avoids many complications associated with diabetes such as hypertension, ocular complications, neuritis and defective metabolism of carbohydrates.
For further information you should check our article : Different diets for diabetics